US presidential elections happen every 4 years on first Tuesday after 1st Monday of November. 2020 US presidential elections is going to happen on 3rd nov 2020.
US presidential election doesn’t follow popularity vote unlike other elections
Congress of the United States
The legislature of the United States of America, set up under the Constitution of 1789 is isolated fundamentally from the judicial and executive branches of govt. It comprises of two houses: the Senate, where each state has same representation regardless of its size and population, each has been allocated 2 seats in senate.House of Representatives, each state is divided into districts based on its population and each district has one representative in the house.
Every state is represented by 2 senators regardless of its population. Senators are elected by the generalpublic for 6 years’ term and election is staggered, only one-third of the Senate’s seats are filled witheach general election.Senator must be citizen of US for 9 years, must be 30 years of minimum age.
On the day of general election, public votes for a Presidential candidate but they actually vote for elector of their party.
After the general election, Governor of each state prepares a Certificate of Ascertainment pertaining the names of all the individuals on the slates for each candidate. This certificate also hold the number of votes each individual received and shows which individuals contested election as elector. Each State’s certificate is sent to NARA as part of the official records of the Presidential election.
The meeting of the electors takes place in their respective states, to cast vote for president and vice president on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December after the general election. Each State’s electors’ votes are recorded on a Certificate of Vote. Then this certificate is sent to Congress, where the votes are counted, and sent to NARA(National Archives and Records Administration), for record.
Counting of electoral votes is made in a joint session of Congress on the 6th January in the year following the meeting of the electors. The Vice President, as President of the Senate, presides over the count and announces the results of the vote. The President of the Senate then declares which persons, if any, have been elected President and Vice President of the United States.
The President-elect takes the oath of office and is sworn in as President of the United States on January 20th in the year following the general election.